Amy F. Volk

Amy F. Volk

Amy F. Volk

Republican candidate for Maine Senate District 30 from Scarborough

Running against Jean-Marie Caterina. View your ballot →

Is Maine too generous in providing social services to its residents? Which government benefits should be increased or decreased?

The changes we have made over the last few years have brought our social services into balance by reinstating the requirement for able-bodied adults without small children to be enrolled in a training or educational program, work search or volunteer opportunity before they can collect food stamps. We need to direct more services to elderly Mainers who want to age in place or who need safe, affordable housing. I also believe we need to increase property tax relief programs for Maine residents.

Do you support expanding or raising the sales tax to lower the state income tax? Why or why not?

With $170 million in the rainy day fund and a $92 million surplus, I do not believe we need to increase sales tax in order to continue to lower income tax. I would like to see this session of the legislature decrease income tax again, with a goal of 5% by 2020.

Do you support marijuana legalization in Maine, as outlined in Question 1?


Please explain your answer. (Not required)

I support the use of marijuana for medical reasons, but I have several concerns about the referendum question that would allow recreational use. Maines law enforcement community and many educators have publicly come out against it, questioning the wisdom of legalizing another mind-altering substance when we already have so many people who abuse alcohol. Because marijuana remains in the body for long periods of time, the business community has many questions as well. It is not clear what their rights will be if a drug-tested employee tests positive in a state with legal recreational pot. Its possible they smoked before work and its possible they smoked a week before at a party. There is no way to tell. Until these questions have been settled, I am uncomfortable endorsing full legalization.

Do you support raising taxes on Mainers with incomes above $200,000 to increase state aid to education, as outlined in Question 2?


Please explain your answer. (Not required)

A tax on our most highly skilled medical professionals, entrepreneurs and small businesses would be extremely dangerous to our fragile economy. Recently, I was in a local pizza shop and there were two couples who said they already own property in Florida and intended to make it their residency if Question 2 passes. Thats four more people who will not be frequenting local businesses half the year, patronizing local banks, insurance agencies, financial planners, accountants, attorneys, the list goes on. These are also, statistically, the people who support local charities and sit on governance boards. Do we really want to chase them out of state? How is that helpful? My prediction is that if Question 2 passes and is not offset by an overall reduction in Maines income tax, it will result in a net loss of income tax revenue within 5-10 years. It simply will. Then there is this message I received from a highly specialized doctor who just began learning about the referendum questions: Hey-why have we not heard anything against Question 2? Hugely bad idea. Professionals here already earn less than elsewhere in the country. Do you know how hard it is to attract good doctors here already? Another highly skilled high earner put it this way: Maine already faces steep challenges in attracting well-educated young people to move here to work for lower salaries. Does anyone think this problem gets easier by imposing a tax rate up to twice as high as the rate in Boston? (Not to mention the comparison to income tax-free New Hampshire.) The teacher's union promoting Question 2 claims it only affects 2% of Mainers, but I believe it affects 100% of Mainers when it pushes out higher earners or keeps potential higher earners away affecting future employment, future economic and population growth, future real estate values, future charitable contributions, and even future school enrollment levels. The teacher's union also claims that Maine's income tax reductions have only benefitted our wealthiest citizens. That is simply untrue.The first round of income tax reductions (effective in 2013) resulted in an average 83.6% reduction in overall tax burden for the lowest 20% income group (vs just an 8.9% reduction for the highest 10% income group). Before the cuts went into effect, the top 10% in Maine paid 54.9% of 2012 total taxes in 2013 that group paid 56.9%. In other words, the tax cuts caused Maine taxes to become MORE progressive, not less. The 3% tax would also punish married couples by imposing the 10.15% rate on income over $200,000 even if this consists of two different earners. It would become the only Maine income tax bracket that imposes a marriage penalty. What amounts to a 40+% jump in the top Maine rate doesnt apply to C Corps but will hit an S Corp or LLC. Thus, family businesses are especially vulnerable. Lastly, the funds raised by this new tax will go to the most affluent school districts, bypassing a school funding formula which has been studied and determined to be fair in terms of measuring communities' capacity to raise revenue.

Do you support universal background checks for firearm sales, as outlined in Question 3?


Please explain your answer. (Not required)

I believe it is important to note that Maine has one of the highest rates of gun ownership per capita in the nation and yet have a remarkably low rate of gun violence. I support laws that protect the rights of law-abiding gun owners in Maine. I presented an amendment to the recently passed concealed carry law that would have required gun sellers to provide safety information to those legally purchasing handguns. I do have concerns about this years ballot measure on guns because of concerns that it goes too far in limiting transfers of weapons, such as hunting rifles, among family members and friends.

Should Maine raise its minimum wage, as outlined in Question 4?


Please explain your answer. (Not required.)

As Senate Chairwoman of the Legislatures Labor, Commerce, Research and Economic Development Committee, I worked for two years on a bipartisan proposal to gradually increase the minimum wage to $10 an hour. I believe the ballot initiative to raise the rate to $12 will be harmful to Maines economy. It will raise the cost of doing business which will mean fewer job opportunities for our younger workers who are just entering the labor force and for some disabled people, as well, particularly outside of Cumberland and York counties. The referendum mandates too much, too soon for job providers and would likely be an enforcement nightmare for the Department of Labor and a source of confusion to small business owners because it introduces indexing, meaning the wage will change annually in perpetuity. I am confident we can find a better solution in the Legislature.

Do you support the initiative to use ranked-choice voting to elect state and federal officials in Maine, as outlined in Question 5?


Please explain your answer. (Not required)

Candidate did not answer this question.

Should Maine prioritize law enforcement efforts to intercept drug traffickers over expanding access to substance abuse treatment, such those that incorporates medications like methadone and Suboxone?

I do not believe we are doing enough to combat the rise in heroin addiction and overdoses in our communities. Every death linked to substance abuse disorder is a tragedy for the users family, friends and for all of Maine. Particularly with an aging population like ours, we cannot afford to lose a single young person. I am proud of the steps the Legislature took during the last session to limit the prescription of opioids, add more drug agents to the streets and increase resources for addiction treatment and prevention. We need to continue to review the innovative community-based programs that are working and replicate them, while ending those that are ineffective. We also need to ensure that our young people have hope in their own future. Hopelessness is the most dangerous precursor to drug addiction. Many of the kids that turn to drugs are from difficult backgrounds, but they can learn resilience. Reaching kids before they self-medicate means plugging them in to effective education and keeping them engaged with extra-curriculars, job training, community service or work that they enjoy. It can be a lot of work, but their success will often end a vicious cycle of abuse.

Should Maines constitutional officers -- the secretary of state, the attorney general, auditor and the treasurer -- continue to be elected by the Legislature or by statewide popular vote?

I do not really have an opinion on this. Our current system seems to work well, but many states do elect constitutional officers by popular election. I would not support the initiative if the elections would be publicly funded. We already spend way too much money on elections in this state.

Is the size of Maines Legislature appropriate? Should the pay for legislative service be increased?

The size of our legislature is appropriate, given the rural nature of so many of our districts. If we were to increase the pay for legislators, we would likely see a younger legislature with fewer retired people serving. However, the older people I have served with benefit from a wealth of life experiences. Overall, I believe my colleagues are there for the right reasons and do their very best for their constituents in spite of the poor pay and benefits.

Would you support sanctioning another elected official if he or she made public comments or statements that were considered racist, offensive or prejudicial?

Yes, but I also believe we need to be careful not to fall into the trap of name calling ourselves when we label someone else's words or actions.

Would you support a so-called right to work law in Maine?

More than half the states in the America are now Right to Work, which simply means that you do not have to join a union or pay union fees at your job. It has become a big factor in corporations choosing site locations. States that are not Right to Work are immediately disqualified by many decision-makers. Becoming the first Right to Work state in the Northeast would be a huge benefit to Maine economically and it would not cost a dime. Some labor unions have actually grown in Right to Work states because they became more responsive to members' needs rather than outwardly focused on political concerns.

Would you support legislation or a ballot question to allow more casinos in Maine?

At this point, I would not. Maine made a mistake in not having a comprehensive gambling plan from the beginning.

What is the biggest barrier to economic development in Maine and what can the Legislature do to address it?

It is difficult to pinpoint a single barrier to economic development. We certainly need to address our aging population, replace retiring workers with young people and continue to lower income taxes. One issue that we seem unable or have been unwilling to address is lowering the cost of electricity. BIW cited electricity costs as a huge factor in why they lost the Coast Guard contract they had bid competitively on. To their union's credit, they came to the table and made some tough concessions in order to contain costs, but electricity at twice the price as the shipyard down south was too much of an obstacle. It's an example of the struggles Maine businesses face to stay competitive. Simply paying the lowest electricity rates in New England isn't good enough if we want a strong manufacturing environment in a global economy.

Census data show Maines population is aging and decreasing, with some economists suggesting that immigration is the best way to reverse those trends. What should the state do to address this demographic trend?

Candidate did not answer this question.

What is the most pressing issue in Maine these questions have not addressed?

I believe you covered our most pressing issues.